Principle of operation
Hydrocarbon separators are designed for treating rainwater, snowmelt and post-processing water from areas at risk of contamination with oil-derived substances. They are flow devices, i.e. they mechanically separate free oils and other emulsions from the rest of sewage as it flows through the installation. The separation process uses the differences in the density of hydrocarbons and water. Due to their mode of operation, the separators also retain a portion of the settling suspension, which accumulates in a settling chamber at the bottom of the unit.
The basis for proper operation of the separator is the proper determination of the nominal flow (amount of rainwater flowing through the device [L/s]). It determines basic features of the separator: size of the separation zone, collection capacity of light liquids, working level of the liquid, volume of the settling tank. Proper selection of these quantities determines proper precipitation of petroleum substances from rainwater flowing through the separator through surface phenomena, while allowing larger drops to float to the surface. This phenomenon is accelerated and supported by coalescing cartridges in class I separators.